Recent Publications

Below is a list of recent publications by members of the SREMI team:


November 2017 - Present

Poon, E., Self, L., McLeod, S., Caine, S., & Borgundvaag, B. (2018). Uncomplicated urinary tract infections in the emergency department: A review of local practice patterns. CJEM, 20(4), 572-577. doi:10.1017/cem.2017.39

Arbel Y, Ko DT, Yan AT, Cantor WJ, Bagai A, Koh M, Eberg M, Tan M, Fitchett D, Borgundvaag B, Ducas J, Heffernan M, Morrison LJ, Langer A, Dzavik V, Mehta SR, Goodman SG; TRANSFER-AMI Trial Investigators. Long-term Follow-up of the Trial of Routine Angioplasty and Stenting After Fibrinolysis to Enhance Reperfusion in Acute Myocardial Infarction (TRANSFER-AMI). Can J Cardiol. 2018 Jun;34(6):736-743. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2018.02.005. Epub 2018 Feb 10. 

Nolan B, Ackery A, Mamakwa S, Glenn S, VanderBurgh D, Orkin A, Kirlew M, Dell E, Tien H, Care of the Injured Patients at Nursing Stations and during Air Medical Transport, Air Medical Journal, Volume 37, Issue 3, 2018, Pages 161-164, ISSN 1067-991X, DOI: 10.1016/j.amj.2017.11.013.

Hawrylyshyn K, McLeod SL, Thomas J, Varner C. Ectopic pregnancy outcomes in patients discharged from the emergency department. CJEM  2018 4:1-4. doi : 10.1017/cem.2018.13. [Epub ahead of print] Role: PA

Borgundvaag B, McLeod SL, Khuu W, Varner C, Tadrous M, Gomes T. Opioid prescribing and adverse events in opioid-naive patients treated by emergency physicians versus family physicians: a population-based cohort study. CMAJ Open March 5, 2018  vol. 6 no. 1 E110-E117. DOI:10.9778/cmajo.20170151 Role: PA

Vermandere M, Aertgeerts B, Agoritsas T, Liu C, Burgers J, Merglen A, Okwen P, Lytvyn L, Chua S, O Vandvik P, Guyatt GH, Beltran-Arroyave C, Lavergne V, Speeckaert R, Steen FE, Arteaga V, Sender R, McLeod SL, Sun X, Wen W, Siemieniuk R. Antibiotics for uncomplicated skin abscesses: a clinical practice guideline. BMJ 2018; 360:k243   doi : (Published 06 February 2018).

Orkin, A., Ovens, H., McLeod, S., Varner, C., Melady, D., Thompson, C., Penciner, R., Sidhu, K., Dushenski, D., Borgundvaag, B. (2018). Letter in Response to: “CJEM Debate Series: #Social Media – Social Media has Created Emergency Medicine Celebrities Who Now Influence Practice More Than Published Evidence”. CJEM,1-1. doi:10.1017/cem.2017.436  (Published online: 23 January 2018)


November 2016 - October 2017

McLeod SL, Brignardello-Petersen R, Worster A, You J, Iansavichene A, Guyatt G, Cheskes S. Comparative effectiveness of antiarrhythmics for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A systematic review and network meta-analysis. Resuscitation. 2017;121:90-97.

Varner CE, McLeod S, Nahiddi N, Lougheed RE, Dear TE, Borgundvaag B. Cognitive rest and graduated return to usual activities versus usual care for minor traumatic brain injury: A randomized controlled trial of emergency department discharge instructions. Acad Emerg Med. 2017;24(1):75-82.

Jeffery MM, Hooten WM, Hess EP, Meara ER, Ross JS, Henk HJ, Borgundvaag B, Shah ND, Bellolio MF. Opioid Prescribing for Opioid-Naive Patients in Emergency Departments and Other Settings: Characteristics of Prescriptions and Association With Long-Term Use. Ann Emerg Med. 2017 Sep 21. [Epub ahead of print]

McLeod SL, Iansavichene A, Cheskes S. Remote ischemic pre-conditioning to reduce reperfusion injury during acute STEMI: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017;6(5).

Orkin AM, Bharmal A, Cram J, Kouyoumdjian FG, Pinto AD, Upshur R. Clinical Population Medicine: Integrating Clinical Medicine and Population Health in Practice. Ann Fam Med. 2017;(5):405-409.

Varner C, McLeod SL, Nahiddi N, Borgundvaag B. Text messaging research participants as a follow-up strategy to decrease emergency department study attrition. CJEM. 2017; 9:1-6.

Lacroix L, Thurgur L, Orkin AM, Perry JJ, Stiell IG. Emergency physicians' attitudes and perceived barriers to the implementation of take-home naloxone programs in Canadian emergency departments. CJEM. 2017 Sep 18:1-7.

Chen KJ, Klingel M, McLeod SL, Mindra S, Ng V. Presentation and Outcomes of Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections. Int J Gen Med 2017;10: 215-220.

Poon E, Self L, McLeod SL, Caine S, Borgundvaag B. Uncomplicated urinary tract infections in the emergency department: a review of local practice patterns. CJEM. 2017 Jun 7:1-6. doi: 10.1017/cem.2017.39. [Epub ahead of print]

Hu T, Dattani ND, Cox KA, Au B, Xu L, Melady D, Jaakkimainen L, Jain R, Charles J. Effect of comorbidities and medications on frequency of primary care visits among older patients. Can Fam Physician. 2017;63(1):45-50.

Mew EJ, Ritchie SD, VanderBurgh D, Beardy JL, Gordon J, Fortune M, Mamakwa S, Orkin AM. An environmental scan of emergency response systems and services in remote First Nations communities in Northern Ontario. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2017;76(1):1320208.

Parashar R, McLeod SL, Melady D. Discrepancy between information provided and information required by emergency physicians for long-term care patients. CJEM. 2017 Jul 17:1-6. doi: 10.1017/cem.2017.353. [Epub ahead of print]

Orkin AM, Zhan C, Buick JE, Drennan IR, Klaiman M, Leece P, Morrison LJ. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival in drug-related versus cardiac causes in Ontario: A retrospective cohort study. PLoS One. 2017;12(4):e0176441.

Leggatt L, Van Aarsen K, Columbus M, Dukelow A, Lewell M, Davis M, McLeod S. Morbidity and mortality associated with prehospital "lift-assist" calls. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2017; 19:1-7.

Bullard MJ, Melady D, Emond M; members of the CTAS National working group:, Musgrave E, Unger B, van der Linde E, Grierson R, Skeldon T, Warren D, Swain J. Guidance when Applying the Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale (CTAS) to the Geriatric Patient: Executive Summary. CJEM. 2017 Jul;19(S2):S28-S37.

Stiell IG, Perry JJ, Clement CM, Brison RJ, Rowe BH, Aaron SD, McRae AD, Borgundvaag B, Calder LA, Forster AJ, Wells GA. Prospective and Explicit Clinical Validation of the Ottawa Heart Failure Risk Scale, With and Without Use of Quantitative NT-proBNP. Acad Emerg Med. 2017;24(3):316-327.

Stiell IG, Clement CM, Rowe BH, Brison RJ, Wyse DG, Birnie D, Dorian P, Lang E, Perry JJ, Borgundvaag B, Eagles D, Redfearn D, Brinkhurst J, Wells GA. Outcomes for Emergency Department Patients With Recent-Onset Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter Treated in Canadian Hospitals. Ann Emerg Med. 2017;69(5):562-571.

Snider T, Melady D, Costa AP. A national survey of Canadian emergency medicine residents' comfort with geriatric emergency medicine. CJEM. 2017;19(1):9-17.

Claret PG, Calder LA, Stiell IG, Yan JW, Clement CM, Borgundvaag B, Forster AJ, Perry JJ, Rowe BH. Rates and predictive factors of return to the emergency department following an initial release by the emergency department for acute heart failure. CJEM. 2017 Apr 3:1-8.

Clinkard D, Stiell I, Lang E, Rose S, Clement C, Brison R, Rowe BH, Borgundvaag B, Langhan T, Magee K, Stenstrom R, Perry JJ, Birnie D, Wells G, McRae A. Between- and within-site variation in medicati on choices and adverse events during procedural sedation for electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation and flutter. CJEM. 2017 Jun 7:1-7. [Epub ahead of print].

Porcino AJ, Punja S, Chan AW, Kravitz R, Orkin A, Ravaud P, Schmid CH, Vohra S. Protocol for a systematic review of N-of-1 trial protocol guidelines and protocol reporting guidelines. Syst Rev. 2017;6(1):132.

Alexander P, Heels-Ansdell D, Siemieniuk R, Bhatnagar N, Chang Y, Fei Y, Zhang Y, McLeod S, Prasad K, Guyatt G. Hemicraniectomy versus medical treatment with large MCA infarct: a review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open. 2016;6(11):e014390.

Kouyoumdjian FG, Lai W, Orkin A, Pek B. A 25-year-old woman with diabetes in custody. CMAJ. 2016;188(17-

Orkin AM, Phillips WR, Stange KC. Research Reporting Guidelines and the New Annals Instructions for Authors. Ann Fam Med. 2016;14(6):500-501.

Lam PP, Coleman BL, Green K, Powis J, Richardson D, Katz K, Borgundvaag B, Smith-Gorvie T, Kwong JC, Bondy SJ, McGeer A. Predictors of influenza among older adults in the emergency department. BMC Infect Dis. 2016;16(1):615.

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